Treaties : Treaty of 1824
TREATY WITH THE IOWA (August 4, 1824)
7 Stat., 231.
Proclamation, Jan. 18, 1825.
Articles of a Treaty made and concluded at the City of Washington, on the
fourth day of August, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, between
William Clark, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, being specially authorized
by the President of the United States thereto, and the undersigned Chiefs
and Head men, of the Ioway Tribe or Nation, duly authorized and empowered by
the said Nation.
ARTICLE 1. THE Ioway Tribe or Nation of Indians by their deputies,
Ma-hos-kah, (or White Cloud) and Mah-ne-hah-nah, (or Great Walker) in Council
assembled, do hereby agree, in consideration of a certain sum of money, &c.
to be paid to the said Ioway Tribe, by the government of the United States, as
hereinafter stipulated, to cede and forever, quit claim, and do, in behalf of
their said Tribe, hereby cede, relinquish, and forever quit claim, unto the
United States, all right, title, interest, and claim, to the lands which the
said Ioway Tribe have, or claim, within the State of Missouri, and situated
between the Mississippi and Missouri rivers and a line running from the
Missouri, at the mouth or entrance of Kanzas river, north one hundred miles, to
the northwest corner of the limits of the state of Missouri, and, from thence,
east to the Mississippi.
[Sold lands in Missouri: Cession ]
ARTICLE 2. It is hereby stipulated and agreed, on the part of the United
States, as a full compensation for the claims and lands ceded by the Ioway Tribe
in the preceding article, there shall be paid to the said Ioway tribe, within
the present year, in cash or merchandise, the amount of five hundred dollars,
and the United States do further agree to pay to the Ioway Tribe, five hundred
dollars, annually, for the term of ten succeeding years.
[Price = $500 + (10 x $500) = $500 + $5000 = $5500]
ARTICLE 3. The Chiefs and Head Men who sign this Treaty, for themselves, and
in behalf of their Tribe, do acknowledge that the lands east and south of the
lines described in the first article, (which has been run and marked by Colonel
Sullivan) so far as the Indians claimed the same, to belong to the United
States, and that none of their tribe shall be permitted to settle or hunt upon
any part of it, after 1st day of January, one thousand eight hundred and
twenty-six, without special permission from the Superintendent of Indian
[Ioways excluded from cession after Jan. 1, 1826]
ARTICLE 4. The undersigned Chiefs, for themselves, and all parts of the Ioway
tribe, do acknowledge themselves and the said Ioway Tribe, to be under the
protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign
whatsoever; and they also stipulate, that the said Ioway tribe will not hold any
treaty with any foreign powers, individual state, or with individuals of any
[Ioways excluded from relationship from Britain, etc. and acknowledge under
ARTICLE 5. The United States engage to provide and support a blacksmith for
the Ioway Tribe, so long as the President of the United States may think proper,
and to furnish the said Tribe with such farming utensils and cattle, and to
employ such persons to aid them in their agriculture, as the President may deem
ARTICLE 6. The annuities stipulated to be paid by the second article, to be
paid either in money, merchandise, provisions, or domestic animals, at the
option of the aforesaid Tribe; and when the said annuities, or any part thereof,
is paid in merchandise, it is to be delivered to them at the first cost of the
goods at St. Louis, free from cost of transportation.
[Annuities form determined by tribe]
ARTICLE 7. This Treaty shall take effect, and be obligatory on the
contracting parties, so soon as the same shall be ratified by the President of
the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof.
In testimony whereof, the said William Clark, commissioner as aforesaid,
the chiefs and head men of the Ioway tribe of Indians, as aforesaid, have
hereunto set their hands the day and year first before written.
Ma-hos-kah, (White Cloud) his x mark, [Maxaska]
Mah-ne-hah-nah, (Great Walker) his x mark. [Manixanye]
Thos. L. McKenney,
G. W. Kennerly, Indian agent,
Law. Taliaferro, Indian agent at St. Peter's
A. Baronet Vasques, acting subsistence agent and interpreter, Meriwether
John W. Johnson,
William P. Clark,
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